The beginning of the historic era of Corfu is marked by the colonization of the island from the Corinthians in 734 B.C. The city founded was named Chersipoli. The residents, who managed to escape from the invaders, abandoned Palaiopoli and settled at the peninsula of the Old Fortress. The city was extended almost along the entire peninsula. It was constituted by houses, palaces, barracks and orthodox and catholic churches. The only temple preserved today is Panagia of Karmeliton which is found at the bricklayer bridge after the Central Gate. It is said that in this church they kept the people sentenced to death, one day prior to their execution.